Located in the West Region, the territory of Torres Vedras has been populated by man since ancient times. This is where communities of hunter-gatherers, farmers, metallurgists, and later Greeks and Romans passed by, like Rufus, one of so many names written in stone that immortalized them.
The primitive name of the place hides in the deepest mystery, seeming to identify with Chretina. But whatever the date on which the name Turres Veteras> Torres Vedras was fixed, it is reminiscent of the old, because ancient towers, of their early fortification, probably still built in the Roman period.
D. Afonso Henriques took it after 1147, having remained until then under Islamic rule. In the reign of Sancho I (1185-1211), the village met the first municipal organization. However, only on August 15, 1250, D. Afonso, third of the name, known as the Bolognese, donated a letter from Foral to the men and vassals of Torres Vedras. The growth of the village was already felt at the end of the thirteenth century, having received from the farmer king fair letter in 1293.
Land of Rainhas, at least since D. Beatriz, who received it before 1277, from an early age was the place of implantation and external influence of various sceneries such as Santa Cruz de Coimbra, Santa Maria de Alcobaça and Celas, in addition to the presence of monasteries. Vicente de Fora and Santa Maria de Oia and the military orders of the Hospital and Santiago.
But here were also founded two convents of Augustine Footwear: Our Lady of the Assumption of Penafirme, in 1226, and Our Lady of Grace of Torres Vedras, in 1366, which would later be joined by the convents of the Franciscan friars of Varatojo in 1470, and from Our Lady of Angels, this one founded by the Infanta D. Maria, Lady of Torres Vedras, for the Arrábidos friars, in 1570.
Here gathered the Royal Council of King John I in 1414, and then decided to conquer Ceuta. And from here, many East Torriese adventurers would set out for the East in search of new worlds. Among them, Friar Aleixo de Meneses, prior of the Convent of Our Lady of Grace, between 1588 and 1590, and later Archbishop of Goa and Braga and governor of India.
D. Manuel donated Foral Novo to him on June 1, 1510, and D. João III made Torres Vedras head of district, a statute that he would only effectively exercise from 1619, given the strong opposition of Alenquer, until then head of county.
From 1809, Torres Vedras would give its name to the largest defensive system in history, with effective defense, built to confront Napoleon's troops and which would be the capital's defensive bulwark: the Torres Vedras Lines.
The town and the county grew, becoming a tourist destination, especially from the early twentieth century. Since then, many have chosen Torres Vedras as a destination, both in search of the spa and Santa Cruz beach, renewing meetings permanently. The same village elevated the city in 1979, witnessing a huge urban growth.